HomeAboutFact SheetsDisplay


Individuals in the Weather career field collect, analyze, predict, tailor, and integrate weather and space environmental information, including forecasts of conditions, to provide decision-quality information on environmental impacts to Air Force, Army, Joint and Coalition operations. They operate meteorological equipment and employ computer workstations to interrogate current and forecast atmospheric and space weather conditions based on observations, terrestrial and space sensing instruments, weather radars, data and imagery from geostationary and polar orbiting satellites, and forecast data provided by military, national, and international weather centers. Air Force weather personnel are attached or assigned to Air Force, Army, Joint, or coalition conventional and special operations at garrison and expeditionary locations worldwide. Qualified volunteers may perform airborne and special operations duty in this career field. Weather is a Battlefield Airman (BA) career field according to AFPD 10-35, Battlefield Airmen.

1. Specialty Summary. Performs and manages the collection, analysis, and forecast of atmospheric weather and space environmental conditions. Tailors forecast information for integration into military decision-making and intelligence preparation of the battlespace activities. Related DoD Occupational Subgroup: 142000.

2. Duties and Responsibilities:

2.1. Collect, analyze and integrate atmospheric and space environmental information into military decision-making processes.

2.2. Observe current environmental conditions. Evaluate, record and transmit surface weather and space environment observations.

2.3. Operate atmospheric and space-sensing instruments and computer workstations to interrogate data from weather radars, meteorological satellites, and products provided by military, national, and international weather agencies.

2.4. Use a detailed understanding of the atmosphere and space environment to translate raw data into decision-quality environmental information.

2.5. Issue advisories, watches and warnings to alert users of dangerous or inclement terrestrial and space weather events.

2.6. Understand war fighter tactics, techniques and procedures. Integrate weather information into the decision-making process at all levels to mitigate and leverage weather impact on operations.

2.7. Manage weather operations, ensure quality, and adapt resources to meet mission requirements.

3. Specialty Qualifications.

3.1. Knowledge. This specialty requires knowledge of: characteristics and principles of atmospheric weather and space environment; observation, analysis, prediction, and integration of weather and space environment information; operation and operator maintenance of fixed and deployable meteorological and space weather instruments and systems; operation and operator maintenance of communications and computer systems; use of weather products from operational and strategic centers; military weapons systems and decision-making processes; and combat field skills (ability to survive and operate on the battlefield and use of tactical equipment).

3.2. Education. For entry into this specialty, a high school diploma or equivalent is required. Courses in physics, chemistry, earth sciences, geography, computer sciences, and mathematics are desirable.

3.3. Training. Completion of the following training is mandatory:

3.3.1. For award of AFSC 1W031, completion of the weather initial skills course.

3.3.2. For award of AFSC 1W031B: Completion of Common Battlefield Airman Training (CBAT). Completion of Level C Survival, Escape, Resistance and Evasion (SERE) training. Completion of Staff Weather Officer Course.

3.3.3. For award of AFSC 1W031C: Completion of Common Battlefield Airman Training (CBAT). Completion of Level C Survival, Escape, Resistance and Evasion (SERE) training. Completion of the Airborne Parachutist Course.

3.4. Experience. The following experience is mandatory for award of the AFSC indicated:

3.4.1. 1W051X. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W031X. Also, experience in collecting and analyzing atmospheric data, performing meteorological watch, preparing forecast products, and issuing weather watches, warnings, and advisories.

3.4.2. 1W071X. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W051X. Also, experience in forecasting local area and mesoscale weather features, determining weather effects on weapons systems, and preparing and delivering weather briefings and mission execution forecasts.

3.4.3. 1W091. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W071X. Also, experience in scheduling personnel, providing technical leadership and training, tailoring unit capabilities, and managing weather resources to meet mission requirements.

3.5. Other. The following are mandatory as indicated:

3.5.1. For entry into this specialty: Ability to speak distinctly. For entry and award of B and C suffixes, ability to meet physical entry and exit requirements of CBAT Course. See attachment 4 for additional entry requirements.

3.5.2. For entry, award and retention of these AFSCs: Visual acuity correctable to 20/20. For entry and award of C suffix, ability to meet physical qualifications for parachute duty according to AFI 48-123, Medical Examinations and Standards. Specialty requires routine access to Secret material or similar environment. Award and retention of AFSCs requires completion of a current National Agency Check, Local Agency Checks and Credit (NACLC) according to AFI 31-501, Personnel Program Management.
NOTE: Award of the 3-skill level without a completed NACLC is authorized provided an interim Secret security clearance has been granted according to AFI 31-501. For award and retention of AFSCs 1W051/71/91/00, must maintain an Air Force Network License according to AFI 33-115, Vol 2, Licensing Network Users and Certifying Network Professionals.

For specific information about opportunities in the Weather career field in theĀ WI Air National Guard, please contact a recruiter at 1-800-236-4683.

USAF Comments Policy
If you wish to comment, use the text box below. AF reserves the right to modify this policy at any time.

This is a moderated forum. That means all comments will be reviewed before posting. In addition, we expect that participants will treat each other, as well as our agency and our employees, with respect. We will not post comments that contain abusive or vulgar language, spam, hate speech, personal attacks, violate EEO policy, are offensive to other or similar content. We will not post comments that are spam, are clearly "off topic", promote services or products, infringe copyright protected material, or contain any links that don't contribute to the discussion. Comments that make unsupported accusations will also not be posted. The AF and the AF alone will make a determination as to which comments will be posted. Any references to commercial entities, products, services, or other non-governmental organizations or individuals that remain on the site are provided solely for the information of individuals using this page. These references are not intended to reflect the opinion of the AF, DoD, the United States, or its officers or employees concerning the significance, priority, or importance to be given the referenced entity, product, service, or organization. Such references are not an official or personal endorsement of any product, person, or service, and may not be quoted or reproduced for the purpose of stating or implying AF endorsement or approval of any product, person, or service.

Any comments that report criminal activity including: suicidal behaviour or sexual assault will be reported to appropriate authorities including OSI. This forum is not:

  • This forum is not to be used to report criminal activity. If you have information for law enforcement, please contact OSI or your local police agency.
  • Do not submit unsolicited proposals, or other business ideas or inquiries to this forum. This site is not to be used for contracting or commercial business.
  • This forum may not be used for the submission of any claim, demand, informal or formal complaint, or any other form of legal and/or administrative notice or process, or for the exhaustion of any legal and/or administrative remedy.

AF does not guarantee or warrant that any information posted by individuals on this forum is correct, and disclaims any liability for any loss or damage resulting from reliance on any such information. AF may not be able to verify, does not warrant or guarantee, and assumes no liability for anything posted on this website by any other person. AF does not endorse, support or otherwise promote any private or commercial entity or the information, products or services contained on those websites that may be reached through links on our website.

Members of the media are asked to send questions to the public affairs through their normal channels and to refrain from submitting questions here as comments. Reporter questions will not be posted. We recognize that the Web is a 24/7 medium, and your comments are welcome at any time. However, given the need to manage federal resources, moderating and posting of comments will occur during regular business hours Monday through Friday. Comments submitted after hours or on weekends will be read and posted as early as possible; in most cases, this means the next business day.

For the benefit of robust discussion, we ask that comments remain "on-topic." This means that comments will be posted only as it relates to the topic that is being discussed within the blog post. The views expressed on the site by non-federal commentators do not necessarily reflect the official views of the AF or the Federal Government.

To protect your own privacy and the privacy of others, please do not include personally identifiable information, such as name, Social Security number, DoD ID number, OSI Case number, phone numbers or email addresses in the body of your comment. If you do voluntarily include personally identifiable information in your comment, such as your name, that comment may or may not be posted on the page. If your comment is posted, your name will not be redacted or removed. In no circumstances will comments be posted that contain Social Security numbers, DoD ID numbers, OSI case numbers, addresses, email address or phone numbers. The default for the posting of comments is "anonymous", but if you opt not to, any information, including your login name, may be displayed on our site.

Thank you for taking the time to read this comment policy. We encourage your participation in our discussion and look forward to an active exchange of ideas.

Department of the Air Force does not exercise any responsibility or oversight of the content at external link destination.

The appearance of external hyperlinks does not constitute endorsement by the United States Department of Defense of linked web sites or the information, products, or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities such as military exchanges and morale, welfare and recreation sites, the United States Department of Defense does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. All links are provided consistent with the mission of this web site.