Individuals in the Weather career field collect, analyze, predict, tailor, and integrate weather and space environmental information, including forecasts of conditions, to provide decision-quality information on environmental impacts to Air Force, Army, Joint and Coalition operations. They operate meteorological equipment and employ computer workstations to interrogate current and forecast atmospheric and space weather conditions based on observations, terrestrial and space sensing instruments, weather radars, data and imagery from geostationary and polar orbiting satellites, and forecast data provided by military, national, and international weather centers. Air Force weather personnel are attached or assigned to Air Force, Army, Joint, or coalition conventional and special operations at garrison and expeditionary locations worldwide. Qualified volunteers may perform airborne and special operations duty in this career field. Weather is a Battlefield Airman (BA) career field according to AFPD 10-35, Battlefield Airmen.
1. Specialty Summary. Performs and manages the collection, analysis, and forecast of atmospheric weather and space environmental conditions. Tailors forecast information for integration into military decision-making and intelligence preparation of the battlespace activities. Related DoD Occupational Subgroup: 142000.
2. Duties and Responsibilities:
2.1. Collect, analyze and integrate atmospheric and space environmental information into military decision-making processes.
2.2. Observe current environmental conditions. Evaluate, record and transmit surface weather and space environment observations.
2.3. Operate atmospheric and space-sensing instruments and computer workstations to interrogate data from weather radars, meteorological satellites, and products provided by military, national, and international weather agencies.
2.4. Use a detailed understanding of the atmosphere and space environment to translate raw data into decision-quality environmental information.
2.5. Issue advisories, watches and warnings to alert users of dangerous or inclement terrestrial and space weather events.
2.6. Understand war fighter tactics, techniques and procedures. Integrate weather information into the decision-making process at all levels to mitigate and leverage weather impact on operations.
2.7. Manage weather operations, ensure quality, and adapt resources to meet mission requirements.
3. Specialty Qualifications.
3.1. Knowledge. This specialty requires knowledge of: characteristics and principles of atmospheric weather and space environment; observation, analysis, prediction, and integration of weather and space environment information; operation and operator maintenance of fixed and deployable meteorological and space weather instruments and systems; operation and operator maintenance of communications and computer systems; use of weather products from operational and strategic centers; military weapons systems and decision-making processes; and combat field skills (ability to survive and operate on the battlefield and use of tactical equipment).
3.2. Education. For entry into this specialty, a high school diploma or equivalent is required. Courses in physics, chemistry, earth sciences, geography, computer sciences, and mathematics are desirable.
3.3. Training. Completion of the following training is mandatory:
3.3.1. For award of AFSC 1W031, completion of the weather initial skills course.
3.3.2. For award of AFSC 1W031B:
126.96.36.199. Completion of Common Battlefield Airman Training (CBAT).
188.8.131.52. Completion of Level C Survival, Escape, Resistance and Evasion (SERE) training.
184.108.40.206. Completion of Staff Weather Officer Course.
3.3.3. For award of AFSC 1W031C:
220.127.116.11. Completion of Common Battlefield Airman Training (CBAT).
18.104.22.168. Completion of Level C Survival, Escape, Resistance and Evasion (SERE) training.
22.214.171.124. Completion of the Airborne Parachutist Course.
3.4. Experience. The following experience is mandatory for award of the AFSC indicated:
3.4.1. 1W051X. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W031X. Also, experience in collecting and analyzing atmospheric data, performing meteorological watch, preparing forecast products, and issuing weather watches, warnings, and advisories.
3.4.2. 1W071X. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W051X. Also, experience in forecasting local area and mesoscale weather features, determining weather effects on weapons systems, and preparing and delivering weather briefings and mission execution forecasts.
3.4.3. 1W091. Qualification in and possession of AFSC 1W071X. Also, experience in scheduling personnel, providing technical leadership and training, tailoring unit capabilities, and managing weather resources to meet mission requirements.
3.5. Other. The following are mandatory as indicated:
3.5.1. For entry into this specialty:
126.96.36.199. Ability to speak distinctly.
188.8.131.52. For entry and award of B and C suffixes, ability to meet physical entry and exit requirements of CBAT Course.
184.108.40.206. See attachment 4 for additional entry requirements.
3.5.2. For entry, award and retention of these AFSCs:
220.127.116.11. Visual acuity correctable to 20/20.
18.104.22.168. For entry and award of C suffix, ability to meet physical qualifications for parachute duty according to AFI 48-123, Medical Examinations and Standards.
22.214.171.124. Specialty requires routine access to Secret material or similar environment. Award and retention of AFSCs requires completion of a current National Agency Check, Local Agency Checks and Credit (NACLC) according to AFI 31-501, Personnel Program Management.
NOTE: Award of the 3-skill level without a completed NACLC is authorized provided an interim Secret security clearance has been granted according to AFI 31-501.
126.96.36.199. For award and retention of AFSCs 1W051/71/91/00, must maintain an Air Force Network License according to AFI 33-115, Vol 2, Licensing Network Users and Certifying Network Professionals.
For specific information about opportunities in the Weather career field in the WI Air National Guard, please contact a recruiter at 1-800-236-4683.